Articole din categoria: Anul 2018

Unificarea juridică – legislativă, judiciară și cultural-știinţifică – parte inseparabilă a procesului de desăvârșire a unităţii naţionale
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
The unification of the civil life of the Romanian society, in continuation and to the completion of the political and State union, achieved in 1918, has a fundamental pillar the Constitution of March 29th, 1923, and the modern legislation, unified in its application; we can also take into consideration the institutions created by the same means in the newly-unified country. The fundamental law belonged to the liberal tradition, becoming nation...
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Inadmisibilitatea acţiunii în întoarcerea executării silite îndreptate împotriva creditorului popritor pe motivul desfiinţării titlului executoriu din dosarul în care a validat poprirea, în condiţiile existenţei unei hotărâri irevocabile de validare a popririi
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
This commentary seeks to highlight a number of issues related to the impossibility of requesting the de jure abolition of an attachment and the restitution of the retained amounts through a future action, provided that there is a final (in this case irrevocable) decision to validate the attachment, not abolished by the specific means of appeal, a decision that constituted the enforceable title of the third party who executed the amount subject...
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Lipsa din dispozitivul hotărârii a unor menţiuni cuprinse în minută. Nelegalitatea aplicării sancţiunii nulităţii hotărârii de către instanţa de control judiciar
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
Omission of the judgment judicial provisions that are found in minute is not likely to attract annul the award, but may be directed towards a conclusion further data under art. 281 C. pr. civ. So canceling the sentence appealed and sending the case back because on the sentence is not identical to the minutes because the device is not found solution ordered by the trial court on the objection of lack material and the severance of claims, court d...
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Dreptul umanitar și protecţia datelor personale
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
The actions of major actors in humanitarian law are jeopardized by new technologies and personal data protection. Recent developments and trends are assessed from the perspective of international humanitarian law instruments, on the one hand, and international regulations, especially European ones, on the other. The article analyzes potential international effects of the application of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), adopted in t...
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Perspective ale dreptului la uitare digitală (dreptul la înlăturare): concluziile Avocatului general în Cauza G. C. și alţii (C-136/17)
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
Information technology changed the way we relate to information as any data posted on the Internet can remain accessible indefinitely. On the one hand this ease of access undoubtedly improved the business environment, but on the other hand the fundamental right to privacy of natural persons seems to be under threat in the absence of adequate legal mechanisms that should ensure that their past will not haunt them ad vitam aeternam. Last year, t...
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Codul numeric personal (C.N.P.) – atribut de identificare a persoanei fizice
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
The individualization of natural persons is of particular importance, both legally and socially, civil law having the role of individualizing such persons. Thus, at present, a person is mainly individualized by name, domicile and civil status. The article analyzes an attribute of identifying the natural person, which until now has not been considered in the legal literature, except under administrative law. This is the personal numeric...
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Examen critic asupra Deciziei Înaltei Curţi de Casaţie și Justiţie, Completul pentru dezlegarea unor chestiunide drept, nr. 66 din 1 octombrie 2018 privind întinderea reevaluării ofertelor de către autorităţile contractante
Numărul 6 Anul 2018
The article analyzes critically the decision rendered by the Panel ruling on points of law of the High Court of Cassation and Justice no. 66/2018 according to which the contracting authority invested with the re-evaluation of tenders following the legality control exercised by the National Council for Solving Complaints and/or the court has the possibility of checking all the technical elements and the financial aspects of the offer capable of ...
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Protejarea intereselor financiare ale Uniunii Europene prin mijloace de drept penal. Analiza infracţiunii de obţinere ilegală de fonduri europene
Numărul 5 Anul 2018
The importance of the financial resources available to the European Union and the high level of damage caused by the defective manage of Community resources, has led to the establishment of administrative and judicial measures for the protection of European funds. In this regard, on 26 June 1995 was adopted the Convention on the Protection of the Financial Interests of the European Union, through which minimum rules have been set for def...
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Rezoluţiunea unilaterală – un remediu preţuit de creditorul universal
One of the pieces of novelty of utmost interest introduced by the New Civil Code is regulation of the right to unilateral rescission at art. 1.552, drawing up on the legislation of other countries which are particularly sensitive to trade interests, and thought differently of the role of the specialized judge. Under such law systems, the creditor may decide to unilaterally break the contractual bond in case of a default. When the debto...
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Dreptul la tăcere şi neautoincriminare al martorului
Numărul 5 Anul 2018
The witness’s right to silence is a new institution in the Code of Criminal Procedure, which refers to his right not to incriminate himself, when he has become suspect or defendant. However, the text of the law on the silence of the witness will have to be supplemented with new provisions meant to ensure the observance of the most important guarantees of a fair trial when the witness, through his statement, may accuse himself.
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